Sending data from nested fragments to parent fragment

I have a Fragment FR1 that contains several Nested Fragments; FRa, FRb, FRc. These Nested Fragments are changed by pressing Buttons on FR1‘s layout. Each of the Nested Fragments have several input fields within them; which include things like EditTexts, NumberPickers, and Spinners. When my user goes through and fills in all the values for the Nested Fragments, FR1 (the parent fragment) has a submit button.

How can I then, retrieve my values from my Nested Fragments and bring them into FR1.

  1. All Views are declared and programmatically handled within each Nested Fragment.
  2. The parent Fragment, FR1 handles the transaction of the Nested Fragments.

I hope this question is clear enough and I am not sure if code is necessary to post but if someone feels otherwise I can do so.

EDIT 1:

Here is how I add my Nested Fragments:

tempRangeButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {

            getChildFragmentManager().beginTransaction()
                    .add(R.id.settings_fragment_tertiary_nest, tempFrag)
                    .commit();

        }
    });

    scheduleButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {

            getChildFragmentManager().beginTransaction()
                    .add(R.id.settings_fragment_tertiary_nest, scheduleFrag)
                    .commit();
        }
    });

    alertsButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {

            getChildFragmentManager().beginTransaction()
                    .add(R.id.settings_fragment_tertiary_nest, alertsFrag)
                    .commit();

        }
    });

    submitProfile.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
            constructNewProfile();
        }
    });

where my constructNewProfile() method needs the values from my Nested Fragments.

public Fragment tempFrag = fragment_profile_settings_temperature
        .newInstance();
public Fragment scheduleFrag= fragment_profile_settings_schedules
            .newInstance();
public Fragment alertsFrag = fragment_profile_settings_alerts
        .newInstance();

The above refers to the fields of the parent fragment; and how they are initially instantiated.

Answer

The best way is use an interface:

  1. Declare an interface in the nest fragment

    // Container Activity or Fragment must implement this interface
    public interface OnPlayerSelectionSetListener
    {
        public void onPlayerSelectionSet(List<Player> players_ist);
    }
    
  2. Attach the interface to parent fragment

    // In the child fragment.
    public void onAttachToParentFragment(Fragment fragment)
    {
        try
        {
            mOnPlayerSelectionSetListener = (OnPlayerSelectionSetListener)fragment;
    
        }
        catch (ClassCastException e)
        {
              throw new ClassCastException(
                  fragment.toString() + " must implement OnPlayerSelectionSetListener");
        }
    }
    
    
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
    {
        Log.i(TAG, "onCreate");
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    
        onAttachToParentFragment(getParentFragment());
    
        // ...
    }
    
  3. Call the listener on button click.

    // In the child fragment.
    @Override
    public void onClick(View v)
    {
        switch (v.getId())
        {
            case R.id.tv_submit:
                if (mOnPlayerSelectionSetListener != null)
                {                
                     mOnPlayerSelectionSetListener.onPlayerSelectionSet(selectedPlayers);
                }
                break;
            }
        }
    
  4. Have your parent fragment implement the interface.

     public class Fragment_Parent extends Fragment implements Nested_Fragment.OnPlayerSelectionSetListener
     {
          // ...
          @Override
          public void onPlayerSelectionSet(final List<Player> players_list)
          {
               FragmentManager fragmentManager = getChildFragmentManager();
               SomeOtherNestFrag someOtherNestFrag = (SomeOtherNestFrag)fragmentManager.findFragmentByTag("Some fragment tag");
               //Tag of your fragment which you should use when you add
    
               if(someOtherNestFrag != null)
               {
                    // your some other frag need to provide some data back based on views.
                    SomeData somedata = someOtherNestFrag.getSomeData();
                    // it can be a string, or int, or some custom java object.
               }
          }
     }
    

Add Tag when you do fragment transaction so you can look it up afterward to call its method. FragmentTransaction

This is the proper way to handle communication between fragment and nest fragment, it’s almost the same for activity and fragment. http://developer.android.com/guide/components/fragments.html#EventCallbacks

There is actually another official way, it’s using activity result, but this one is good enough and common.

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