Unable to start MySQL server – Control process exited with error code

My mysql server is not starting after stopping it

Command using:

sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart

Error :

Restarting mysql (via systemctl): mysql.serviceJob for mysql.service failed because the control process exited with error code.

Checked status using systemctl status mysql.service and journalctl -xe, did not get any help.

Error log:

2020-06-23T00:11:48.882919Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use

–explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).

2020-06-23T00:11:48.883135Z 0 [Warning] Can't create test file /u1/mysql/sad-swh.lower-test

2020-06-23T00:11:48.883185Z 0 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld (mysqld 5.7.30-0ubuntu0.18.04.1) starting as process 28411 ...

2020-06-23T00:11:48.886131Z 0 [Warning] Can't create test file /u1/mysql/sad-swh.lower-test

2020-06-23T00:11:48.886148Z 0 [Warning] Can't create test file /u1/mysql/sad-swh.lower-test

2020-06-23T00:11:48.889591Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: PUNCH HOLE support available

2020-06-23T00:11:48.889612Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins

2020-06-23T00:11:48.889616Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Uses event mutexes

2020-06-23T00:11:48.889620Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: GCC builtin __atomic_thread_fence() is used for memory barrier

2020-06-23T00:11:48.889623Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.11

2020-06-23T00:11:48.889627Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO

2020-06-23T00:11:48.889890Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Number of pools: 1

2020-06-23T00:11:48.890022Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions

2020-06-23T00:11:48.892207Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, total size = 128M, instances = 1, chunk size = 128M

2020-06-23T00:11:48.900818Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool

2020-06-23T00:11:48.903535Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: If the mysqld execution user is authorized, page cleaner thread priority can be

changed. See the man page of setpriority().

2020-06-23T00:11:48.913543Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: The first innodb_system data file 'ibdata1' did not exist. A new tablespace will

be created!

2020-06-23T00:11:48.913858Z 0 [ERROR] InnoDB: Operating system error number 13 in a file operation.

2020-06-23T00:11:48.913871Z 0 [ERROR] InnoDB: The error means mysqld does not have the access rights to the directory.

2020-06-23T00:11:48.913878Z 0 [ERROR] InnoDB: Operating system error number 13 in a file operation.

2020-06-23T00:11:48.913883Z 0 [ERROR] InnoDB: The error means mysqld does not have the access rights to the directory.

2020-06-23T00:11:48.913889Z 0 [ERROR] InnoDB: Cannot open datafile './ibdata1'

2020-06-23T00:11:48.913896Z 0 [ERROR] InnoDB: Could not open or create the system tablespace. If you tried to add new data files to

the system tablespace, and it failed here, you should now edit innodb_data_file_path in my.cnf back to what it was, and remove the new ibdata files InnoDB created in this failed attempt. InnoDB only wrote those files full of zeros, but did not yet use them in any way. But be careful: do not remove old data files which contain your precious data!

2020-06-23T00:11:48.913903Z 0 [ERROR] InnoDB: InnoDB Database creation was aborted with error Cannot open a file. You may need to

delete the ibdata1 file before trying to start up again.

2020-06-23T00:11:49.514733Z 0 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' init function returned error.

2020-06-23T00:11:49.514763Z 0 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' registration as a STORAGE ENGINE failed.

2020-06-23T00:11:49.514773Z 0 [ERROR] Failed to initialize builtin plugins.

2020-06-23T00:11:49.514779Z 0 [ERROR] Aborting

2020-06-23T00:11:49.514817Z 0 [Note] Binlog end

2020-06-23T00:11:49.514889Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'CSV'

2020-06-23T00:11:49.515486Z 0 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Shutdown complete
 ● mysql.service - MySQL Community Server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mysql.service;
 enabled;
 vendor preset: enabled) Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Mon 2020-06-22 16:07:36 CST;
 9min ago Process: 26756 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/mysqld --daemonize --pid-file=/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE) Process: 26737 ExecStartPre=/usr/share/mysql/mysql-systemd-start pre (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Main PID: 18936 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

Answer

Mysql server stopped unexpectedly on my new on Ubuntu 18.04 instance, and getting same error while trying to start.

Job for mysql.service failed because the control process exited with error code.
See "systemctl status mysql.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.

When running the command systemctl status mysql.service

● mysql.service - MySQL Community Server
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mysql.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Sat 2020-08-29 17:11:53 UTC; 11s ago
  Process: 3124 ExecStartPre=/usr/share/mysql/mysql-systemd-start pre (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)
 Main PID: 2557 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

Aug 29 17:11:53 ip-172-26-10-122 systemd[1]: mysql.service: Control process exited, code=exited status=1
Aug 29 17:11:53 ip-172-26-10-122 systemd[1]: mysql.service: Failed with result 'exit-code'.
Aug 29 17:11:53 ip-172-26-10-122 systemd[1]: Failed to start MySQL Community Server.

After struggling almost 6 hours searching over the internet finally got the solution.

sudo chmod -R u+rwx /etc/mysql/
sudo chown -R mysql.mysql /etc/mysql/