Spring-Data-Jpa Repository – Underscore on Entity Column Name

I am using spring-data-jpa on a spring webmvc project. I am facing an issue using query creation on a Repository of one of my Entities. Below you can see my Entity, my Repository and the Exception.

My Entity:

@Entity
@Table(schema = "mainschema")
@XmlRootElement
public class Municipalperson implements Serializable {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    @Basic(optional = false)
    @Column(nullable = false)
    private Integer id;

    @Basic(optional = false)
    @Column(name = "municipal_id", nullable = false)
    private Integer municipal_id;

    @Basic(optional = false)
    @Column(nullable = false, length = 60)
    private String firstname;

    public Municipalperson(Integer id, Integer municipal_id, String firstname) {
        this.id = id;
        this.municipal_id = municipal_id;
        this.firstname = firstname;
    }


    public Integer getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Integer id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public Integer getMunicipal_id() {
        return municipal_id;
    }

    public void setMunicipal_id(Integer municipal_id) {
        this.municipal_id = municipal_id;
    }

    public String getFirstname() {
        return firstname;
    }

    public void setFirstname(String firstname) {
        this.firstname = firstname;
    }
}

my Repository:

@Repository
public interface MunicipalpersonRepository extends JpaRepository<Municipalperson, Integer> {

    List<Municipalperson> findByMunicipal_idOrderByLastnameDesc(int municipal_id);
}

and the exception,

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'municipalpersonRepository': Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is org.springframework.data.mapping.PropertyReferenceException: No property municipal found for type Municipalperson!  

I tried to set municipal_id as int, then as Integer and the same for the parameter municipal_id on my Repository, but none worked. Also, I renamed the Repository to findByMunicipalidOrderByLastnameDesc and findByMunicipalIdOrderByLastnameDesc but it didn’t work either.

Finally I renamed the municipal_id to municipalId (underscore removed) and also renamed getters/setters and the Repository (findByMunicipalIdOrderByLastnameDesc) and the issue was resolved.

My question is why this is happening?

Answer

The underscore _ is a reserved character in Spring Data query derivation (see the reference docs for details) to potentially allow manual property path description. So there are two options you have:

  1. Stick to the Java naming conventions of using camel-case for member variable names and everything will work as expected.
  2. Escape the _ by using an additional underscore, i.e. rename your query method to findByMunicipal__idOrderByLastnameDesc(…).

I’d recommend the former as you’re not going to alienate fellow Java developers :).

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