Switching to java 11 from java 8

I have downloaded and installed oraclejdk11 from oracle official site and modified PATH & JAVA_HOME variable in system environment variable on windows

C:UsersAviral>javac -version

javac 11.0.1

C:UsersAviral>java -version

java version “1.8.0_102”

Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_102-b14)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.102-b14, mixed mode)

i know that jdk11 do not contain jre but how can i run a java program from cmd in java 11

Answer

The JDK includes the JRE which you can launch by using the java executable in the bin folder. You use this executable just like any other executable.

When you type java in the command line it is actually shorthand. It searches your PATH until it finds the first matching java executable. If you want to specify a different java executable you can give the absolute path to the executable.

C:UsersAvril> "C:Program FilesJavajdk-11.0.1binjava" -jar pathtofile.jar

You may be wondering, if you’ve set JAVA_HOME and PATH to point to JDK-11, why does java -version still use Java 8?

Take a look at your PATH and you’ll likely find something like C:ProgramDataOracleJavajavapath as one of the first entries (see this). This entry was added automatically when you installed Java 8 and points to the Java 8 executables (java, javaw, and javaws). Since it’s before your %JAVA_HOME%bin entry, it takes precedence. However, ...javapath doesn’t contain javac and that’s why javac -version used JAVA_HOME (Java 11).

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