@Value -> Failed to convert value of type ‘java.lang.String’ to required type ‘java.lang.Integer’

Good day, I’m working on a web application using Spring 4.1.1.RELEASE. All Spring configuration is done with annotations and it works fine except one thing:

  • I have a config.properties file in the project with these lines

    cases.caseList.filter=test
    cases.caseList.numberOfCasesPerPage=50
    
  • I have a config class

    @Configuration
    @ComponentScan(basePackageClasses={CaseConfig.class})
    @PropertySource(value = "classpath:config.properties")
    public class CasesModuleTestContextConfig { ... }
    
  • And another class

    @Component
    public class HttpRequestParamsToPaginationParams extends AbstractConverter<Map<String, String>, PaginationParams> {
    
        @Value("${cases.caseList.filter}")
        private String filter;
    
        @Value("${cases.caseList.numberOfCasesPerPage}")
        private Integer count;
    
        ...
    }
    

Value of property ‘filter’ is successfuly injected from the property resource. But I’m getting an exception on property ‘count’:

     13:58:45.274 [main] WARN  o.s.c.s.GenericApplicationContext - Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt 
     org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'cz.pokus.core.test.config.ConversionServiceTestConfig': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private java.util.List cz.pokus.core.test.config.ConversionServiceTestConfig.converterList; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'httpRequestParamsToPaginationParams': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private java.lang.Integer cz.pokus.core.cases.converter.HttpRequestParamsToPaginationParams.count; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.TypeMismatchException: Failed to convert value of type 'java.lang.String' to required type 'java.lang.Integer'; nested exception is java.lang.NumberFormatException: For input string: "${cases.caseList.numberOfCasesPerPage}"
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:334) ~[spring-beans-4.1.1.RELEASE.jar:4.1.1.RELEASE]
     ...
     Caused by: org.springframework.beans.TypeMismatchException: Failed to convert value of type 'java.lang.String' to required type 'java.lang.Integer'; nested exception is java.lang.NumberFormatException: For input string: "${cases.caseList.numberOfCasesPerPage}"
     ...
     Caused by: java.lang.NumberFormatException: For input string: "${cases.caseList.numberOfCasesPerPage}"
at java.lang.NumberFormatException.forInputString(NumberFormatException.java:65) ~[na:1.8.0_20]
at java.lang.Integer.parseInt(Integer.java:569) ~[na:1.8.0_20]
at java.lang.Integer.valueOf(Integer.java:766) ~[na:1.8.0_20]
     ...

When I change type of property ‘count’ to String it start working:

        @Value("${cases.caseList.numberOfCasesPerPage}")
        private String count;

I believe Spring is able to convert String to Integer when injecting value from property resource into a Integer property using @Value. I’v found examples where people use without complaining. Do you please have any ideas why it doesn’t work for me?

Thanks a lot in advance.

Answer

If you are trying to access the property values using @Value("") annotation, you should declare PropertySourcesPlaceholderConfigurerBean.

Try to add below snippet of code in your configuration class.

@Bean
public static PropertySourcesPlaceholderConfigurer propertySourcesPlaceholderConfigurer() {
    return new PropertySourcesPlaceholderConfigurer();
}

If you don’t want to declare it, Try with org.springframework.core.env.Environment class by autowiring it in your class, to get the property values.

@Autowired
private Environment environment;

public void readValues() {
    System.out.println("Some Message:"
            + environment.getProperty("<Property Name>")); 

}

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