Get the element with the highest occurrence in an array

I’m looking for an elegant way of determining which element has the highest occurrence (mode) in a JavaScript array.

For example, in

['pear', 'apple', 'orange', 'apple']

the 'apple' element is the most frequent one.

Answer

This is just the mode. Here’s a quick, non-optimized solution. It should be O(n).

function mode(array)
{
    if(array.length == 0)
        return null;
    var modeMap = {};
    var maxEl = array[0], maxCount = 1;
    for(var i = 0; i < array.length; i++)
    {
        var el = array[i];
        if(modeMap[el] == null)
            modeMap[el] = 1;
        else
            modeMap[el]++;  
        if(modeMap[el] > maxCount)
        {
            maxEl = el;
            maxCount = modeMap[el];
        }
    }
    return maxEl;
}

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