How to expect().toHaveBeenCalled on a function from a mocked function

I have a function that simply creates a write stream and writes to it… I want to test that function, and test that the write() function of createWriteStream was called. However, I am mocking the fs module since I don’t want to actually write to a file while testing.

I can successfully check whether createWriteStream was called, but not write… why is that?


const myFunction = () => {
  const stream = fs.createWriteStream("test.csv", {
    encoding: "utf8"

  stream.write("hello world");


const fs = require("fs");

jest.mock("fs", () => ({
  createWriteStream: jest.fn(() => ({
    write: jest.fn(),
    end: jest.fn()

describe("myFunction", () => {
  it("should write a new file", () => {

    expect(fs.createWriteStream).toHaveBeenCalled(); //Passes

    expect(fs.createWriteStream().write).toHaveBeenCalled(); //Fails


you can do something like below. In such way, the reference of writeMock will not be generated on the fly (which it is in your example, so jest can’t refer to the correct write method) and jest detect whether the function has been invoked through the reference.

describe('myFunction', () => {
  it('should write a new file', () => {
    const writeMock = jest.fn()
    const endMock = jest.fn()

    fs.createWriteStream = jest.fn(() => ({
      write: writeMock,
      end: endMock,

    expect(fs.createWriteStream).toHaveBeenCalled(); //Passes

    expect(writeMock).toHaveBeenCalled(); //Passes

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