JSON stringify ES6 class property with getter/setter

I have a JavaScript ES6 class that has a property set with set and accessed with get functions. It is also a constructor parameter so the class can be instantiated with said property.

class MyClass {
  constructor(property) {
    this.property = property
  }

  set property(prop) {
  // Some validation etc.
  this._property = prop
  }

  get property() {
    return this._property
  }
}

I use _property to escape the JS gotcha of using get/set that results in an infinite loop if I set directly to property.

Now I need to stringify an instance of MyClass to send it with a HTTP request. The stringified JSON is an object like:

{
   //...
   _property:
}

I need the resulting JSON string to preserve property so the service I am sending it to can parse it correctly. I also need property to remain in the constructor because I need to construct instances of MyClass from JSON sent by the service (which is sending objects with property not _property).

How do I get around this? Should I just intercept the MyClass instance before sending it to the HTTP request and mutate _property to property using regex? This seems ugly, but I will be able to keep my current code.

Alternatively I can intercept the JSON being sent to the client from the service and instantiate MyClass with a totally different property name. However this means a different representation of the class either side of the service.

Answer

You can use toJSON method to customise the way your class serialises to JSON:

class MyClass {
  constructor(property) {
    this.property = property
  }

  set property(prop) {
  // Some validation etc.
  this._property = prop
  }

  get property() {
    return this._property
  }

  toJSON() {
    return {
      property: this.property
    }
  }
}

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