menu active in static html page Code Answer

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I have a website with single header and footer, and I include header and footer in home and about pages, how the active class working

    <li><a class="active" href="">menu1</a></li>
    <li><a class="" href="">menu1</a></li>
    <li><a class="" href="">menu1</a></li>

Is using javascript and CSS the only way?


I know it’s will not run properly in there so i give you my git repo for clone : enter link description here. (dummy example).


  1. you need to run in host : or other .. i run it vs code (live server)
  2. I do it by matching window.location.pathname and a href url ..
  3. maybe there is many way to match current path a tag url
  4. if you have issue please comment. also i need to solve this problem for my own purpose

  // after page loaded  and page refresh  this will run to active current <a> tag
        window.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', (event) => {
       // after <a> button click
        document.querySelectorAll(".btn").forEach(function (btn) {
            btn.addEventListener("click", function (e) {

        function activeClass() {
            document.querySelectorAll(".btn").forEach(function (btn) {

                // get href index.html or about.html or contact.html and add slash (/)
                var href = '/' + btn.getAttribute('href');

                // get path /index.html or /about.html or /contact.html from current url
                var pathname = window.location.pathname;

                // check click <a> element that contains .btn class
                if (btn.classList.contains('btn')) {

                    // check a href (/index.html) and current pathname (/index.html) are equal then add active class
                    if (href == pathname) {


<a href="index.html" class="btn ">Home</a>
<a href="contact.html" class="btn ">Contact</a>
<a href="about.html" class="btn ">About</a>
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