preventDefault() doesn’t prevent the action

When I use event.preventDefault() on a link it works, however when I use it on a button doesn’t!

DEMO

My code:

<a id="link" href="http://www.google.com">link</a>
<button id="button" onclick="alert('an alert')">button</button>​

$('#link').click(function(event){
  event.preventDefault();
});
$('#button').click(function(event){
  event.preventDefault();
});

​ Link action is cancelled, but when I click on the button, still executes the onClick action.

Any help? what I want to do is to prevent the button onClick action without changing the button html (I know how to do

$('#button').removeAttr('onclick');

Answer

You want event.stopImmediatePropagation(); if there are multiple event handlers on an element and you want to prevent the others to execute. preventDefault() just blocks the default action (such as submitting a form or navigating to another URL) while stopImmediatePropagation() prevents the event from bubbling up the DOM tree and prevents any other event handlers on the same element from being executed.

Here are some useful links explaining the various methods:

However, since it still doesn’t work it means that the onclick="" handler executes before the attached event handler. There’s nothing you can do since when your code runs the onclick code has already been executed.

The easiest solution is completely removing that handler:

$('#button').removeAttr('onclick');

Even adding an event listener via plain javascript (addEventListener()) with useCapture=true doesn’t help – apparently inline events trigger even before the event starts descending the DOM tree.

If you just do not want to remove the handler because you need it, simply convert it to a properly attached event:

var onclickFunc = new Function($('#button').attr('onclick'));
$('#button').click(function(event){
    if(confirm('prevent onclick event?')) {
        event.stopImmediatePropagation();   
    }
}).click(onclickFunc).removeAttr('onclick');

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