Uncaught ReferenceError: app is not defined in Angularjs Code Answer

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I got this error. I looked through the answers posted previously but still I have the same problem.


<html lang="en" ng-app="customersApp">

    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="img/favicon.html">


    <!-- Bootstrap core CSS -->
    <link href="css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="css/bootstrap-reset.css" rel="stylesheet">
     <link href="assets/font-awesome/css/font-awesome.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--external css-->
   <link href="css/slidebars.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <!-- Custom styles for this template -->
    <link href="css/style.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="css/style-responsive.css" rel="stylesheet" />



   <div ng-view></div>

    <!-- js placed at the end of the document so the pages load faster -->
       <script src="scripts/angular.js"></script> 
       <script src="scripts/angular-route.js"></script>
         <script src="app/app.js"></script>
         <script src="app/controllers/loginController.js"> </script>
           <script src="js/jquery.js"></script>
    <script src="js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>


<!-- Mirrored from thevectorlab.net/flatlab/login.html by HTTrack Website Copier/3.x [XR&CO'2014], Mon, 08 Dec 2014 06:09:06 GMT -->



var app= angular.module('customersApp',['ngRoute']);

  function ($routeProvider) {
        when('/login', {
            title: 'Login',
            controller: 'loginController',
               templateUrl: 'app/views/loginuser.html'
            .when('/logout', {
                title: 'Logout',
                templateUrl: 'partials/login.html',
                controller: 'loginController'

            .when('/dashboard', {
                title: 'Dashboard',
                templateUrl: 'app/views/dynamic_table.html',
                controller: 'loginController'
            .when('/signup', {
                title: 'Signup',
                templateUrl: 'app/views/registration.html',
                controller: 'loginController'

                redirectTo: '/login'



app.controller('loginController', function ($scope,$http, Data) {
    //initially set those objects to null to avoid undefined error
    $scope.login = {};
    $scope.signup = {};
    $scope.doLogin = function (customer) {


     email : $scope.login.email,
      password : $scope.login.password

      data = JSON.parse(data);


          // window.location.href = "dashboard";

         alert("wrong username and password");



    $scope.logout = function () {
        Data.get('logout').then(function (results) {
    app.filter('startFrom', function() {
    return function(input, start) {
        if(input) {
            start = +start; //parse to int
            return input.slice(start);
        return [];


Please check the code and tell me where I am making a mistake.


This is a good lesson on scope. Wrapping things in anonymous functions (function(){...}());) will make variables declared inside that function invisible to things outside the function. I wont go over all the javascript scope stuff in this response because it is well documented on many other questions but essentially this is your problem;

    var hello = "world";
console.log(hello); // no good, hello is not declared in this scope

In short remove the anonymous function that’s in your app.js or declare the app variable outside the function.

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