WebApi 2 POST with single string parameter not working

I have the following controller:

public class ValuesController : ApiController
{
    // POST api/values
    public IHttpActionResult Post(string filterName)
    {
        return new JsonResult<string>(filterName, new JsonSerializerSettings(), Encoding.UTF8, this);

    }
}

WebApi config

config.Routes.MapHttpRoute(
    name: "DefaultApi",
    routeTemplate: "api/{controller}/{id}",
    defaults: new { id = RouteParameter.Optional });

I use this js code to call the api

$.ajax(
{
    url: "/api/values/",
    type: "POST",
    dataType: 'json',
    data: { filterName: "Dirty Deeds" },
    success: function (result) {
        console.log(result);
    },
    error: function (xhr, status, p3, p4) {
        var err = "Error " + " " + status + " " + p3;
        if (xhr.responseText && xhr.responseText[0] == "{")
            err = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText).message;
        console.log(err);
    }
});

I get a 405 method not allowed (post)

Answer

c#

public class ValuesController : ApiController
{
    // POST api/values
    [HttpPost] // added attribute
    public IHttpActionResult Post([FromBody] string filterName) // added FromBody as this is how you are sending the data
    {
        return new JsonResult<string>(filterName, new JsonSerializerSettings(), Encoding.UTF8, this);
    }

JavaScript

$.ajax(
{
    url: "/api/Values/", // be consistent and case the route the same as the ApiController
    type: "POST",
    dataType: 'json',
    data: "=Dirty Deeds", // add an = sign
    success: function (result) {
        console.log(result);
    },
    error: function (xhr, status, p3, p4) {
        var err = "Error " + " " + status + " " + p3;
        if (xhr.responseText && xhr.responseText[0] == "{")
            err = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText).message;
        console.log(err);
    }
});

Explanation

Because you are only sending a single value add the = sign in front of it so it will be treated like forms encoding. You can also add the content type if you want to make it clear that this is what you are doing to the ajax call.

contentType: 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'

Alternatively you could also send the content via URL OR wrap the content in an object on the server as well as in the ajax call and stringify it.

public class Filter {
    public string FilterName {get;set;}
}

public class ValuesController : ApiController
{
    // POST api/values
    [HttpPost] // added attribute
    public IHttpActionResult Post([FromBody] Filter filter) // added FromBody as this is how you are sending the data
    {
        return new JsonResult<string>(filter.FilterName, new JsonSerializerSettings(), Encoding.UTF8, this);
    }

JavaScript

$.ajax(
{
    url: "/api/Values/", // be consistent and case the route the same as the ApiController
    type: "POST",
    dataType: 'json',
    contentType: 'application/json',
    data: JSON.stringify({FilterName: "Dirty Deeds"}), // send as json
    success: function (result) {
        console.log(result);
    },
    error: function (xhr, status, p3, p4) {
        var err = "Error " + " " + status + " " + p3;
        if (xhr.responseText && xhr.responseText[0] == "{")
            err = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText).message;
        console.log(err);
    }
});

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