Mocha + TypeScript: Cannot use import statement outside a module

I was watching this video in order to learn how to add some simple tests to my Express routes but I am getting all kind of errors while executing a test. The error is:

import * as chai from ‘chai’;

^^^^^^

SyntaxError: Cannot use import statement outside a module

I have read some similar Stack Overflow questions and GitHub issues but I didn’t find a solution for my own application. Finally I found Mocha documentation on GitHub regarding ES modules but it didn’t work:

I created the app using TypeScript and CommonJS module to transpile, so I added "test": "env TS_NODE_COMPILER_OPTIONS='{"module": "commonjs" }' mocha src/test/*.ts" to the package.json scripts but I am getting the same error every time. I am using ts-node as a server.

Anyway, this is my tsconfig.json file:

{
    "compilerOptions": {
        "sourceMap": true,
        "target": "es6",
        "module": "commonjs",
        "outDir": "./dist",
        "rootDir": "./src"
    },
    "exclude": [
        "node_modules"
    ]
}

And this is the src/test/mi-route.ts file:

import * as chai from 'chai';
import * as chaiHttp from 'chai-http';
import server from '../app';

// Assertions
chai.should();

chai.use(chaiHttp);

describe('API Users', () => {
    // Test Route GET
    describe('GET /api/admin/users', () => {
        it('Should return all the users', done => {
            chai.request(server)
                .get('/api/admin/users')
                .end((err, response) => {
                    response.should.have.status(200);
                    response.body.should.be.a('object');
                    done();
                });
        });
    });
});

An this is my package.json scripts:

"scripts": {
    "dev": "ts-node-dev src/app.ts",
    "start": "node dist/app.js",
    "test": "env TS_NODE_COMPILER_OPTIONS='{"module": "commonjs" }' mocha src/test/*.ts",
    "build": "tsc -p"
  },

So… any suggestions? Should I change Common JS Module? Thanks in advance

Answer

I was able to test thanks to the @types/chai-http – Can’t use ES6 import GitHub issue’s answer.

I added a second TypeScript configuration file tsconfig.testing.json with the following information:

{
    "compilerOptions": {
      "module": "commonjs",
      "target": "es2015",
      "lib": ["es2017"],
      "declaration": false,
      "noImplicitAny": false,
      "removeComments": true,
      "inlineSourceMap": true,
      "moduleResolution": "node"
    },
    "include": ["scripts/**/*.ts", "src/**/*.ts", "node_modules/lodash-es/**/*.js"]
  }

Then I changed my package.json scripts as:

"test": "env TS_NODE_PROJECT="tsconfig.testing.json" mocha --require ts-node/register 'src/test/**/*.ts'",

Finally I changed the test file like:

import * as chai from 'chai';
import 'chai-http';
import server from '../app';

// Assertions
chai.should();

chai.use(require('chai-http'));

Well, running the tests works now.