Class ‘User’ not found

So I’m trying a basic php artisan db:seed after migrating my database but it keeps returning the title error in cmd –[SymfonyComponentDebugExceptionFatalErrorException] Class 'User' not found

Things I Have Tried

  • php dump-autoload after updating the class
  • php dump-autoload before running the db:seed function
  • rolling back the migration and then re-running it
  • rolling back the migration and then re-running it with the --seed syntax
  • Change the namespace of the ‘Users’ File

Below is the migrations

<?php

use IlluminateDatabaseSchemaBlueprint;
use IlluminateDatabaseMigrationsMigration;

class CreateUsersTable extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('users', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->increments('id');
            $table->string('name');
            $table->string('email')->unique();
            $table->string('password', 60);
            $table->rememberToken();
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }

    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::drop('users');
    }
}

I believe that everything here is correct, and now here is the user class.

<?php namespace App;

use IlluminateAuthAuthenticatable;
use IlluminateDatabaseEloquentModel;
use IlluminateAuthPasswordsCanResetPassword;
use IlluminateContractsAuthAuthenticatable as AuthenticatableContract;
use IlluminateContractsAuthCanResetPassword as CanResetPasswordContract;

class User extends Model implements AuthenticatableContract, CanResetPasswordContract {

    use Authenticatable, CanResetPassword;

    /**
     * The database table used by the model.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $table = 'users';

    /**
     * The attributes that are mass assignable.
     *
     * @var array
     */
    protected $fillable = ['name', 'email', 'password'];

    /**
     * The attributes excluded from the model's JSON form.
     *
     * @var array
     */
    protected $hidden = ['password', 'remember_token'];

}

And now lastly is the all important database seeder

<?php

use IlluminateDatabaseSeeder;
use IlluminateDatabaseEloquentModel;

class DatabaseSeeder extends Seeder
{
    /**
     * Run the database seeds.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function run()
    {
        Model::unguard();

        // $this->call('UserTableSeeder');
        $this->call('UserTableSeeder');

        Model::reguard();
    }
}

class UserTableSeeder extends Seeder
{
    public function run()
    {

        DB::table('users')->delete();

        User::create(['email' => '[email protected]']);

    }
}

So that’s it my full syntax, if any more files are required then please request them and I will update my question.

Answer

In your DatabaseSeeder in the root namespace you call the Class User. It therefor tries to load the class User. The definition of your class User is however in namespace App. You should therefor use either AppUser in your DatabaseSeeder or add at the top of the file use AppUser;

DatabaseSeeder

<?php

use AppUser;
use IlluminateDatabaseSeeder;
use IlluminateDatabaseEloquentModel;

class DatabaseSeeder extends Seeder
{
    /**
     * Run the database seeds.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function run()
    {
        Model::unguard();

        // $this->call('UserTableSeeder');
        $this->call('UserTableSeeder');

        Model::reguard();
    }
}

class UserTableSeeder extends Seeder
{
    public function run()
    {

        DB::table('users')->delete();

        User::create(['email' => '[email protected]']);

    }
}

Since Laravel 8+ the User class is now stored by default in the app/Models directory; so instead of using AppUser use AppModelsUser above.

Ps. by default Laravel ships with a User model, use that one. In case you removed that model you can use the fallback provided by Laravel:

use IlluminateFoundationAuthUser;

On a side note something I find very useful in order to debug artisan output. You should use the flag -vvv which adds extreme verbosity to the output messages including a complete stack trace.

php artisan migrate -vvv