I am trying to send verifying key from my flutter app to python server and I can’t figure out the format the python ecdsa lib is expecting.
I am using the spec256k1 lib on the dart side (The python side is also using the spec256k1 curve)
import ecdsa sk = ecdsa.SigningKey.generate() vk = sk.get_verifying_key() s_vk = vk.to_string() # I can't figure out how to create the 's_vk' from x, y croods string_sent_from_app = "..." # how to create this string on the app side from x, y or you have a better idea? my_vk = ecdsa.VerifyingKey.from_string(string_sent_from_app)
from_string() allows to import the public key in different formats, including the raw key, which is suitable for you.
The raw format consists of concatenating the x and y coordinates of the EC point. For secp256k1, x and y are 32 bytes each, so 64 bytes in total. If x is shorter, it must be padded from the left with 0x00 values to 32 bytes (analogously for y).
Example of importing a raw public EC key:
import ecdsa from hashlib import sha256 rawPublicKey = 'ba11d6acfd759a7a75c662db85015373bf99972f42910391ac0f4e0e6bfdc72e0b282f324b448c637e54e6d0f1f51576f150c559f38b32f2ea7a3d9aaf5c1694' signature = '1fe21a18c6e51000e76f7b69ffcb71471067775803d650392ff036cebe314098c6cacf0818e2d646f53699e97efbadd0b6dea9bca5a09cd5b76f42a75004a798' message = b'The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog' verifyingKey = ecdsa.VerifyingKey.from_string(bytes.fromhex(rawPublicKey), curve=ecdsa.SECP256k1, hashfunc=sha256, valid_encodings=['raw']) verified = verifyingKey.verify(bytes.fromhex(signature), message) print(verified) # True
Note that curve and digest must be explicitly specified, since the ecdsa library uses different default values (NIST P-192, denoted as
NIST192p, and SHA-1).
Overall, the library supports a large number of formats for import, e.g. the compressed and uncompressed format (via
from_string()) and also the X.509/SPKI format (via
from_der() for PEM and DER encoded keys, respectively).
More information can be found in the documentation, see sec. Usage, and the implementation, especially in keys.py.