How to make python class support item assignment?

While looking over some code in Think Complexity, I noticed their Graph class assigning values to itself. I’ve copied a few important lines from that class and written an example class, ObjectChild, that fails at this behavior.

class Graph(dict):
    def __init__(self, vs=[], es=[]):
        for v in vs:
            self.add_vertex(v)

        for e in es:
            self.add_edge(e)

    def add_edge(self, e):
        v, w = e
        self[v][w] = e
        self[w][v] = e

    def add_vertex(self, v):
        self[v] = {}

class ObjectChild(object):
    def __init__(self, name):
        self['name'] = name

I’m sure the different built in types all have their own way of using this, but I’m not sure whether this is something I should try to build into my classes. Is it possible, and how? Is this something I shouldn’t bother with, relying instead on simple composition, e.g. self.l = [1, 2, 3]? Should it be avoided outside built in types?

I ask because I was told “You should almost never inherit from the builtin python collections”; advice I’m hesitant to restrict myself to.

To clarify, I know that ObjectChild won’t “work”, and I could easily make it “work”, but I’m curious about the inner workings of these built in types that makes their interface different from a child of object.

Answer

Disclaimer : I might be wrong.

the notation :

self[something]

is legit in the Graph class because it inherits fro dict. This notation is from the dictionnaries ssyntax not from the class attribute declaration syntax.

Although all namespaces associated with a class are dictionnaries, in your class ChildObject, self isn’t a dictionnary. Therefore you can’t use that syntax.

Otoh, in your class Graph, self IS a dictionnary, since it is a graph, and all graphs are dictionnaries because they inherit from dict.

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