# Pandas compare value with previous row with filtration condition Code Answer

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I have a DataFrame with information about employee salary. It’s about 900000+ rows.

Sample:

```+----+-------------+---------------+----------+
|    |   table_num | name          |   salary |
|----+-------------+---------------+----------|
|  0 |      001234 | John Johnson  |     1200 |
|  1 |      001234 | John Johnson  |     1000 |
|  2 |      001235 | John Johnson  |     1000 |
|  3 |      001235 | John Johnson  |     1200 |
|  4 |      001235 | John Johnson  |     1000 |
|  5 |      001235 | Steve Stevens |     1000 |
|  6 |      001236 | Steve Stevens |     1200 |
|  7 |      001236 | Steve Stevens |     1200 |
|  8 |      001236 | Steve Stevens |     1200 |
+----+-------------+---------------+----------+
```

dtypes:

```table_num: string
name: string
salary: float
```

I need to add a column with information about increaseddecreased salary level. I’m using the `shift()` function to compare value in rows.

Main problem is in filtration and iteration over all unique employees over the whole dataset.

It takes about 3 and half hour in my script.

How to do it faster?

My script:

```# giving us only unique combination of 'table_num' and 'name'
# since there can be same 'table_num' for different 'name'
# and same names with different 'table_num' appears sometimes

names_df = df[['table_num', 'name']].drop_duplicates()

# then extracting particular name and table_num from Series
for i in range(len(names_df)):    ### Bottleneck of whole script ###
t = names_df.iloc[i,[0,1]][0]
n = names_df.iloc[i,[0,1]][1]

# using shift() and lambda to check if there difference between two rows
diff_sal = (df[(df['table_num']==t)
& ((df['name']==n))]['salary'] - df[(df['table_num']==t)
& ((df['name']==n))]['salary'].shift(1)).apply(lambda x: 1 if x>0 else (-1 if x<0 else 0))
df.loc[diff_sal.index, 'inc'] = diff_sal.values
```

Sample input data:

```df = pd.DataFrame({'table_num': ['001234','001234','001235','001235','001235','001235','001236','001236','001236'],
'name': ['John Johnson','John Johnson','John Johnson','John Johnson','John Johnson', 'Steve Stevens', 'Steve Stevens', 'Steve Stevens', 'Steve Stevens'],
'salary':[1200.,1000.,1000.,1200.,1000.,1000.,1200.,1200.,1200.]})
```

Sample output:

```+----+-------------+---------------+----------+-------+
|    |   table_num | name          |   salary |   inc |
|----+-------------+---------------+----------+-------|
|  0 |      001234 | John Johnson  |     1200 |     0 |
|  1 |      001234 | John Johnson  |     1000 |    -1 |
|  2 |      001235 | John Johnson  |     1000 |     0 |
|  3 |      001235 | John Johnson  |     1200 |     1 |
|  4 |      001235 | John Johnson  |     1000 |    -1 |
|  5 |      001235 | Steve Stevens |     1000 |     0 |
|  6 |      001236 | Steve Stevens |     1200 |     0 |
|  7 |      001236 | Steve Stevens |     1200 |     0 |
|  8 |      001236 | Steve Stevens |     1200 |     0 |
+----+-------------+---------------+----------+-------+
```

## Answer

Use `groupby` together with `diff`:

```df['inc'] = df.groupby(['table_num', 'name'])['salary'].diff().fillna(0.0)
df.loc[df['inc'] > 0.0, 'inc'] = 1.0
df.loc[df['inc'] < 0.0, 'inc'] = -1.0
```
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