Pandas regex replace with multiple values and spaces in the values

I have the following Pandas code where I am trying to replace the names of countries with the string <country>.

df['title_type2'] = df['title_type']
countries = open(r'countries.txt').read().splitlines()    # Reads all lines into a list and removes n.
countries = [country.replace(' ', r's') for country in countries]
pattern = r'b' + '|'.join(countries) + r'b'
df['title_type2'].str.replace(pattern, '<country>')

However I can’t get countries with spaces (like South Korea) to work correctly, since they do not get replaced. The problem seems to be that my s is turning into \s. How can I avoid this or how can I fix the issue?


There is no need to replace any space with s.

Your pattern should rather include:

  • b – “starting” word boundary,
  • (?:...|...|...) a non-capturing group with country names (alternatives),
  • b – “ending” word boundary,

something like:

pattern = r'b(?:China|South Korea|Taiwan)b'

Then you can do the replacement:

df['title_type2'].str.replace(pattern, '<country>')

I created test data as follows:

df = pd.DataFrame(['Abc Taiwan', 'Xyz China', 'Zxx South Korea', 'No country name'],
df['title_type2'] = df['title_type']

and got:

0      Abc <country>
1      Xyz <country>
2      Zxx <country>
3    No country name
Name: title_type2, dtype: object

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