Description of the binary field is:
Caller number, expressed with compressed BCD code, and the surplus bits are filled with “0xF”
I have tried to print with struct format
'16c' and I get:
('3', 'x00', 'x02', 'x05', 'x15', 'x13', 'G', 'O', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff') and if I use
'16b' i get
(51, 0, 2, 5, 21, 19, 71, 79, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1). And it is not correct, I should get phone number, and numbers above are invalid.
print struct.unpack_from('>16b', str(data.read()),offset=46)
Above is code that didn’t work and I get invalid numbers. With what format should I unpack that 16 byte field and how to convert BCD code ?
BCD codes work with 4 bits per number, and normally encode only the digits 0 – 9. So each byte in your sequence contains 2 numbers, 1 per 4 bits of information.
The following method uses a generator to produce those digits; I am assuming that a 0xF value means there are no more digits to follow:
def bcdDigits(chars): for char in chars: char = ord(char) for val in (char >> 4, char & 0xF): if val == 0xF: return yield val
>>> characters = ('3', 'x00', 'x02', 'x05', 'x15', 'x13', 'G', 'O', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff', 'xff') >>> list(bcdDigits(characters)) [3, 3, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 5, 1, 5, 1, 3, 4, 7, 4]
The method works with the
c output; you can skip the
ord call in the method if you pass integers directly (but use the
B unsigned variant instead). Alternatively, you could just read those 16 bytes straight from your file and apply this function to those bytes directly without using struct.