ReactJS Fetch Called Once But Multiple Requests Go Out

This is a re-write of a previous post I made since I am able to reproduce the same problem using much simpler example.

I’ve created a simple app using npx create-react-app. I added logging logic to my App.js file as follows.

import logo from './logo.svg';
import './App.css';

function App() {
  console.log("###? App()");

  const logStuff = () => {
    console.log("###? Logging stuff")
    fetch("https://httpbin.org/post", {
      method: 'POST',
      body: JSON.stringify({error: "hello", message: "there"}),
    })
      .then(() => console.log('###? useLog() response'))
      .catch((error) => {
        console.error('###? Failed to send log with error: ' + error);
      });
  }

  return (
    <div className="App">
      {logStuff()}
      <header className="App-header">
        <img src={logo} className="App-logo" alt="logo"/>
        <p>
          Edit <code>src/App.js</code> and save to reload.
        </p>
        <a
          className="App-link"
          href="https://reactjs.org"
          target="_blank"
          rel="noopener noreferrer"
        >
          Learn React
        </a>
      </header>
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;

When I launch the app I get the following logs:

###? App() App.js:5
###? Logging stuff App.js:8
###? useLog() response App.js:9
###? useLog() response

In the network tab I see the following: enter image description here

The App() function is called once. The logStuff() function is called once; but in the network console I can see two requests go out to that URL and I don’t understand why.

Answer

You’ve put logStuff function in your return statement, which is why you’re experiencing this behaviour. Remember as a good practice return statement of a component should only return JSX/Components and should not be used for any calls. If you’re running a function inside return statement, it should return JSX/Component.

This is the right way.

import './App.css';

function App() {
  console.log("###? App()");

  useEffect(() => {
     logStuff() //this should be regular practice for side effects
  },[]) //useEffect would run once only. If you want to change it on condition then provide other arguments to the array.

  const logStuff = () => {
    console.log("###? Logging stuff")
    fetch("https://httpbin.org/post", {
      method: 'POST',
      body: JSON.stringify({error: "hello", message: "there"}),
    })
      .then(() => console.log('###? useLog() response'))
      .catch((error) => {
        console.error('###? Failed to send log with error: ' + error);
      });
  }

  return (
    <div className="App">
      // {logStuff()} this was the problem, the function was calling on each render
      <header className="App-header">
        <img src={logo} className="App-logo" alt="logo"/>
        <p>
          Edit <code>src/App.js</code> and save to reload.
        </p>
        <a
          className="App-link"
          href="https://reactjs.org"
          target="_blank"
          rel="noopener noreferrer"
        >
          Learn React
        </a>
      </header>
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;