The question is published on by Tutorial Guruji team.
This example was in a Linux book:
$ cat sort-wc #!/bin/bash # Sort files according to their line count for f do echo `wc -l <"$f» lines in $f done | sort -n $ ./sort-wc /etc/passwd /ect/fstab /etc/motd
What I don’t get is why there is only a single backtick, a single double quote and what the
>> does. Isn’t
>> for writing to a file?
This is from page 121 of “Introduction to Linux for Users and Administrators” and that’s a typographical error in the text. The script is also avaliable in other texts from tuxcademy, with the same typographical error.
» character is not the same as the double
>> and it serves no purpose in a shell script. My guess is that the typesetting system used for formatting the text of the book got confused by
"` for some reason and formatted it as a guillemet (angle-quote), or it’s just a plain typo (the
«...» quotes are used for quoting ordinary text elsewhere in the document).
The script should read
#!/bin/bash # Sort files according to their line count for f do echo `wc -l <"$f"` lines in $f done | sort -n
… but would be better written
#!/bin/sh # Sort files according to their line count for f; do printf '%d lines in %sn' "$(wc -l <"$f")" "$f" done | sort -n
The backticks are an older form of
$( ... ), and
printf is better to use for outputting variable data. Also, variable expansions and command substitutions should be quoted, and the script uses no
bash features so it could just as well be executed by
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