I’m building a bash script that uses wget to GET information from a server using a REST api. I’m using getopts to parse options given to the script and then using an if statement to redirect the script correctly based on the options given. The if goes to the main body of the script (ie the wget call), the elif prints the help menu, and the else prints an error message. However my elif appears to be acting as an else statement. When I run:
I get the proper response, i.e. the help menu:
----------jira options---------- Required: -d [data/issueID] -u [username] -> [username] is your JIRA username -p [password] -> [password] is your JIRA password Optional: -q -> quiet, i.e. no output to console -h -> help menu
However, when I run something that should give me the error message I get help menu instead:
>./jira -u jsimmons ----------jira options---------- Required: -d [data/issueID] -u [username] -> [username] is your JIRA username -p [password] -> [password] is your JIRA password Optional: -q -> quiet, i.e. no output to console -h -> help menu
My script is below:
#!/bin/bash #using getopts to parse options while getopts ":hqd:u:p:" opt; do case $opt in h) help="true" ;; q) quiet="true" ;; d) data=$OPTARG ;; u) username=$OPTARG ;; p) password=$OPTARG ;; ?) echo "Invalid option: -$OPTARG" >&2 ;; :) echo "Option -$OPTARG requires an argument." >&2 ;; esac done #check if required options have been set if [[ -n $data && -n $username && -n $password ]]; then wget -q --http-user=$username --http-passwd=$password --header="Content-Type: application/json" [URI] #placing issue info into variable response=$(< $data) #using heredoc to run python script #python script uses regular expressions to find the value of the field #customfield_10701 ie the branch version output=$(python - <<EOF import re matchObj = re.search( r'(?<=customfield_10701":").*(?=","customfield_10702)', '$response', re.I ) if(matchObj): print(matchObj.group()) EOF ) #writes branch version in .txt file echo $output>branchversion.txt #prints the branch version if the quiet option hasn't been set if [ -z $quiet ]; then echo "-------------------------------------------" echo "" echo "The branch version for issue $data is:" cat branchversion.txt echo "" fi #removes file that wget creates containing all data members for the issue rm $data elif [ -n $help ]; then #if help option has been set echo "" echo "----------jira options----------" echo "Required:" echo "-d [data/issueID]" echo "-u [username] -> [username] is your JIRA username" echo "-p [password] -> [password] is your JIRA password" echo "" echo "Optional:" echo "-q -> quiet, i.e. no output to console" echo "-h -> help menu" echo "" #http GET data members for issue else #if not all required options or help have been set echo "Error: Missing argument(s)" echo "Usage: ./jira [option(s)] -d [data] -u [username] -p [password]" echo "" echo "Try: ./jira -h for more options" fi
-n option checks if a string is non-zero length.
if [ ... ]; then #posix compliant condition tests if [[ ... ]]; then #extended condition tests
It seems the extended condition tests work differently than the posix ones.
> if [ -n $unsetVar ];then echo yes ; fi yes > > if [ -n "$unsetVar" ];then echo yes ; fi > > if [[ -n $unsetVar ]];then echo yes ; fi >
either use the extended conditions for both
[[ ... ]] or wrap your variable in quotations. Currently your
elif statement is always true.